Useful information

Useful information

1. Should I be cautious when I use the services of a suspiciously cheap veterinary practice?
It exists a minimum of conditions for medical care of animals, which are required by vet control authorities. It exists also a minimum of medical materials, consumables and equipment, for practicing the profession.
When You notice great differences in the prices it is better to ask for the kind of the offered treatment in details. If the prices are quite lower in comparison with those of other clinics, which You have visited, the expectations for a service quality can not be great.
 
2. If my vet doesn’t diagnose the problem of my pet, can I take my money back?
The fees which You pay cover everything done for the animal as clinical examination, tests, treatment and drugs. Some problems can be long-term or to include multiple and/or changing causes. The treatment in these cases can develop.
It is not always possible to influence the disease process. You pay for a sincere attempt the problem to be diagnosed and treated.
 
3. Because the house visits, vaccinations, operations, drugs, etc. are quite expensive is there a possibility to space out the payment?
As most of the other professional services You use (dentist, lawyer, etc.), the taxes are paid at the time of performing the service.
It is best to call in advance the clinic You decided to visit and to ask for the possible ways of payment.
 
4. Isn’t it the price of the veterinary services too high and unreasonable? It is a question of animals all the same?
The care which is taken of an animal is determined by its owner personally. Every owner has his own idea what should the acceptable care for his pet be. The vets can only inform their clients for the available medical possibilities. Afterwards they help the owners to make their choice concerning the most important health procedures their pets need. The final decision is in the hands of the owner. And still- if You don’t tend to finance the care of Your pet, best think over whether it is suitable to have one.
 
5. Why do I have to neuter my pet? Why is it so expensive?
The neutering of the dogs and cats has long-term advantages for them. Ask Your vet to explain them to You. Obviously the most important advantage is the control of the population and reduction of the number of unexpected and unwanted young.
The neutering is an important operation for Your pet. The medium price is lower than the expenses for the fuel of Your car per week. This procedure takes time for the vet and his assistants, requires sterilized surgical instruments, general anaesthesia, sterile drapes, sutures and hospitalization. When You compare the expenses for the feeding of the mother and all the unwanted puppies and kittens You will convince yourself that the neutering is much more profitable.
 
6. Recently I took a street dog, which seemed to be injured, probably hit by a car. I brought it to a vet and paid the first bills. However I can’t afford later treatment. Is this the award which I receive for what I’ve done?
If You take a dog from the street, no matter whether You intend to keep it or not, you become its owner and respectively You are responsible for the care of it. Its health will be the award, which You’ll receive trying to do what it has to. The vets often met such cases. Usually a satisfactory agreement with the man who wants the animal to be treated is achieved. The calculation of the funds, which are needful, still at the first visit in the clinic will give You a possibility to make a judgement.
The decision to take a street animal has to be made after the same careful judgement as if You buy or adopt one. The veterinary fees are not estimated by the way in which the animal is obtained.
 
7. Why can’t the vets consult, diagnose or prescribe medicines on the phone and save me all that time and money?
It is not only unprofessional and illegal to be prescribed medicines to animals, which are not clinically examined by a vet, but also it is impossible a correct diagnosis and an appropriate treatment plan to be made.
The vet can not put a diagnosis based on the signs observed by the owner. Often the outer signs are just an indicator of large number of internal diseases, cured in different ways. In order the exact reason for the symptoms to be found and to be prescribed the most successful treatment it is required full clinical examination and additional diagnostic tests. 
 
8. Why are the prices of the vet clinics for one and the same procedure so different?
The prices are estimated separately by every practice itself. Every one of them offers different quality of the service, uses different materials, methods of treatment, work different specialists in certain fields. Usually different prices do not mean one and the same type or quality of the services, although there are certain basic procedures in general.
Every vet calculates its fees upon different criteria, like different drugs, anaesthetics, antibiotics, medical techniques or products, which influence the price.
 
9. If I want to take a puppy or a kitten how much money do I have to spend for vet care? And afterwards how much per year?
Most puppies and kittens need health check, worming and vaccinations. The vet clinics will give you a general calculation on the phone. When You ask the total sum to be estimated You have to be sure what exactly You will receive and whether there aren’t any additional fees for anything else.
 
10. Do I have to vaccinate my pet with all the available vaccines in order to receive a document that it is vaccinated against rabies? What are the vaccines absolutely needful for my dog/cat and how much do they cost?
In order to receive a document that Your pet is vaccinated against rabies it is necessary an injection only against rabies to be done. This law aims to prevent people and animals from the spread of the disease. However the injection can not be given without a health check. It is in Your pet’s interest all routine prophylactic examinations to be performed, as also the necessary vaccinations to be done, in order to keep the animal in good health. There are many infectious diseases of the animals and many of them are fatal. The additional fee for the vaccines, which prevent from these diseases is not high. The vaccinations are reliable, simple and effective way to prevent disease.
 
11. Why is the vet care for my pet/s so expensive? Sometimes I think that I spend more money for my animals than for me!
The average life expectancy of Your pet is 11 years. For this period the animal is susceptible to all diseases, typical for the young, mature and old age.
On the other hand the prices of the medicines, consumables and equipment are the same like those used for the treatment of people.
 
12. My injured / sick animal needs a vet for emergency care, but: a) I’ve just lost my job…b) I won’t take a salary in the next two weeks…b) etc.
Most pet owners have their own vet, who could postpone the payment for his regular clients. The problem is for people who do not have a permanent vet, but look for vet services in emergency cases without a guarantee that they will pay. If You choose not to use regularly vet services You have to think over how You shall cover the expenses of Your pet in case of emergency.
 
13. Why is in one and the same clinic the price for one and the same procedure different?
Because our patients vary significantly by size (often tenfold) and age, the price is different – consumables, time and work are different for a two kilograms weighing cat and a seventy kilograms weighing dog.
 
14. How to feed your dog properly?
 *With cooperation of Royal Canin.
The differences in breed, age and activity, determine the specific nutritional needs.
Different duration of the period of growth:
from 8 months for the Dogs of small breeds up to 24 months for the Dogs of giant breeds.
Different intensity of growth:
Until the mature age the dogs of small breeds increased up to 20 times its weight at birth and the dogs of giant breeds - up to 100 times.
The energy requirements are not proportional to the size:
the energy requirements of  the dogs of small breeds are two times higher than those of  the dogs of large breeds.
Specific digestive capacity:
in the dogs of small breeds the digestive tract represents 7 % of their body weight, and in those of large breeds- only 2.7 % of body weight.
Different life expectancy:
in the dogs with larger sizes and body weight the ageing process begins earlier.
The life expectancy of dogs of large and giant breeds is lower.
Characteristics of small breeds
In the group of the small breeds are included all dogs, which body weight in mature age doesn’t exceed 10 kg. This category includes “toy” dogs, weighing no more than 4 kg. Once valued for their hunting skills, today they are extremely popular as pets, but on condition that they regularly go for a walk.
Three basic types of small breeds (according to the classification of the World Canine Organisation / FCI/).
•Terriers- Fox Terrier, Yorkshire Terrier, Scottish Terrier, Jack Russell Terrier, Cairn Terrier, West Highland Terrier, etc.
•Dachshunds- Standard and miniature dachshunds, which are different variations depending on the type of the hair.
•Companion and Toy Dog group- Bichons, Toy and mini Poodles, Chihuahuas, Japanese Chin and Pekingese, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso, etc.  
Many of the small breeds have their variations depending on the type of the hair:
•Long wavy hair: Long-haired Chihuahua, Coton de Tulear, etc.
•Long smooth hair: Maltese Bichon, Spitz, Pekingese, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso, Yorkshire Terrier, etc.
•Short smooth hair: Pug, Chihuahua, Miniature Pinscher.
•Short curly hair: Poodle.
•Wire-haired: Wire- haired Fox Terrier, Jack Russell Terrier, Cairn Terrier, etc.
•Very short hair: Short-haired Dachshund, Italian greyhound.
Some of these types of hair need a lot of care and special grooming.
Remarkable tenacity.
The small dimensions and the elegant silhouette of the dogs of small breeds make them look fragile. But in fact they are very durable. Proof of this is the typical for the small breeds longevity, which can reach 15 years.
Growth from 2 to 10 months
The dogs of small breeds reach the weight of mature dog at 10 months of age, and “toy” breeds at 7 months of age. This a period of intense growth, which requires intake of high energy food, adapted to not fully developed digestive system and small teeth and jaws. Period of fragile immune system.
The period between the 4th and 12th week is critical for the puppies of small breeds. After weaning they began to loose gradually the acquired from their mother immunity. Their immune system develops fully not until 15 months of age, after the revaccinations.
Short and intensive growth.
At 6 months of age the puppies of small breeds have completed most of their growth. They increase their body weight on average of 20 g daily, and 10 months old they have reached weight, which is 20 times the weight at birth. During this period the puppies require twice as much energy as compared to dogs in adulthood, to meet the needs of their intense metabolism.
Sensitive digestive system.
After weaning the digestive system of the puppy is not completely strengthened, therefore occurrence of gastrointestinal disorders is possible.
Tendency to gain overweight.
The dogs of small breeds tend to accumulate in fat reserves from an earlier age. Therefore the overfeeding can result in gaining overweight, which runs a risk the harmonic growth of the puppy. 
Useful advices:
Regular feeding.Feed your puppy three times a day until 6 months of age, then twice a day in a certain time. Observe its growth as regularly check its weight.
Good habits from the start.
Train the puppy to hygiene habits from early on- cleaning the teeth and brushing the hair. Your vet can show You how to do this.
Characteristics of medium breeds
In the group of medium breeds are included all dogs, which body weight in mature age is between 11 and 25 kg. In the past, the representatives of these breeds were bred as hunting, shepherd, northern or other working dogs. Today, they adapt perfectly to the modern urban living conditions.
There are four basic types of medium-sized breeds (according to the classification of World Canine Organisation / FCI/):
Hunting dogs:
Pointers: Braque Francais, English Setter, Irish Setter, Hungarian Vizsla, Brittany Spaniel, etc.
Tracking dogs: Beagle, Basset, Greyhound, etc.
Spaniels: Cocker Spaniel, Springer Spaniel, etc.
Sheepdogs: Border Collie, Bearded Collie, Berger Picard, Pyrenean Shepherd, Puli, Australian Shepherd, etc.
Northern dogs: Siberian Husky, Spitz, Samoyed, etc.
Other working dogs: Shar Pei, Standard Schnauzer, German Pinscher, Dalmatian, etc.
Dogs full of energy.
The dogs of medium-sized breeds are selected on their physical capabilities for work. Characteristic is their resistance, as to short, as to long, intensive loads. Very high are valued the strength, the energy and speed of these dogs. They are exclusively brave and alert in character. Their highly advanced sense of smell is particularly important for the work they do.
Using up the energy- natural necessity.
The dogs of medium-sized breeds are preferred companions, adapting to different living conditions (in the open air, in a house or apartment). Despite all, the daily walks, hikes or sport activities together with the owners are of great importance for them. Running, jumping, digging, studying the surrounding world they have the possibility to show their natural energy.
Growth from 2 to12 months
The dogs of medium-sized breeds reach the weight of mature dog at 12 months of age. This is a period of intensive growth, which requires high energy food, adapted to the sensitive digestive system yet.
Fast and intensive growth.
In the first year of their life the puppies of medium-sized breeds increase their body weight 40-50 times in comparison with the weight at birth. During this period the puppies require twice as much energy as compared to dogs in adulthood, to meet the needs of their intense metabolism, and also calcium (in a proper dose) for normal mineralization of the skeleton.
Sensitive digestive system
The digestive system of the puppies after weaning is not completely developed. The digestive capacity is lower, than those of the adult dogs, which makes them sensitive, especially if they meet with a parasitic infection, stress or if they eat everything they can get.
Fragile immune system
The period between the 4th and 12th week is critical for the puppies in terms of their immune system. After weaning they began to loose gradually the acquired from their mother immunity. Their immune system develops fully not until 15 months of age, after the revaccinations.
Useful advices:
Adapt the number of the daily meals to the age of the puppy.
Feed your puppy three times a day until 6 months of age, then twice a day in a certain time. If the puppy doesn’t eat the whole food, don’t force it – take away its bowl with the rest of the food and keep it for the next meal, in order not to encourage acquiring of bad eating habits.
Control its weight by checking it every week. Adjust the daily ration, according to its actual needs, since the overfeeding can lead to obesity in later age.
Characteristics of large breeds
In the group of large breeds are included all dogs, which body weight in mature age is between 25 and 44 kg. In the past, and today, these dogs are bred as working, shepherd, lifeguard, tracking or guide dogs. Today, they are both devoted and loving pets.
There are three basic types of large breeds:
•Hunting dogs:
Tracking dogs: Irish Wolfhound, Bloodhound
Pointers: German Pointer, English Pointer, Weimaraner
Retrievers : Labrador Retriever, Golden Retriever, Clumber Spaniel
Racing dogs: Borzoi, Afghan Hound, Greyhound
•Shepherd dogs: Bobtail, Bouvier des Flandres
•Guard dogs: German Shepherd Dog, Doberman Pinscher, Schnauzer
Valuable with their unbeaten capabilities and qualities.
The dogs of large breeds are famous for their loyal service to the farmers. They are brave, alert, strong and are famous for their extremely advanced sense of smell, intelligence and devotion, which make them useful assistants to people in everyday life. These dogs distinguish themselves by harmonic proportions of the body and noble appearance.
Able to tolerate any test
The dogs of large breeds successfully pass all tests of resistance to long marches, work in extreme conditions or guard service. This however, submits the immune system of the dogs to great trials, because of the negative effects of the oxidizing stress. One has to have in mind this fact taking care for their health.
Growth from weaning to 15 months
The growth of the puppies of large breeds continues minimum 15 months. The long and critical period of growth, especially in relation to the development of the skeleton, passes through two clearly separated stages depending on the energy needs, the degree of development of the digestive system and the teeth growth.
Two stages of growth:
STAGE 1
From weaning to 5 months: Intense growth
The puppy gains 130 g/day, as at about 5 months of age (depending on the breed) it reaches 50 % of the weight of mature dog. The development of the skeleton goes very quickly. At the same time the digestive system of the puppy is still very sensitive.
STAGE 2
From 5 to 15 months: Progressive strengthening
The growth of the puppy continues with slower rates. The musculature is formed and completes the development of the skeleton.
Period of fragile immune system
The period between the 4th and 12th week is critical for the puppies in terms of their immune system. After weaning they began to loose gradually the acquired from their mother immunity with the colostrums, before their self-dependent immune protection starts to function fully. Their immune system develops completely not until 18/24 months of age, after the revaccinations.                                                                                                              
Characteristics of giant breeds
In the group of giant breeds are included dogs, which body weight in mature age is over 45 kg.
Extremely popular dogs
The impressive size of the dogs of giant breeds always provokes admiration. These dogs are very popular and now represent 7% of the population of dogs in Europe, although their group includes only 28 breeds according to FCI.
Tender giants
Calm, devoted and duteous, the giant dogs show unreserved faithfulness to their owners. They are invaluable companions to the whole family.
Remarkably brave.
Their strength makes them capable of amazing acts of heroism like the legendary lifeguard actions of Newfoundlands and Saintbernards. They are excellent helpers of the people in many situations.
Growth- from weaning to 24 months
The dogs of giant breeds reach adulthood between 18 and 24 months of age. Their long and delicate growth, especially in relation to the development of the skeleton, passes through three different stages. They are determined by the energy needs, the development of the digestive system and the teeth.  
STAGE 1
From weaning to 5 months: intense growth
The skeleton of the puppies develops. They gain 160 g / day and at 5 months of age reach 50% of the body weight of mature dog. During this period their digestive system is particularly sensitive.
STAGE 2
From 5 to 8 months: progressive strengthening
The bone system of the puppies is almost completely developed (until 8 months of age the puppies reach 90% of the sizes of mature dog. Gradually the energy needs of the puppies reduce. Now it is necessary the risk of gaining overweight to be prevented, which would burden the skeleton and teeth. The digestive system is completely developed, but the puppies are still with their deciduous teeth.
STAGE 3
From 8 to 18/24 months: development of the musculature
Although in this period the puppies are already with the size of mature dog and have changed their deciduous teeth with permanent ones, still they continue to grow 10 or 16 months depending on the breed. Finish the formation of the musculature and the accumulation of the muscle mass.
Period of fragile immune system
The period between the 4th and 12th week is critical for the puppies in terms of their immune system. After weaning they began to loose gradually the acquired from their mother immunity with the colostrums, before their self-dependent immune protection starts to function fully. Their immune system develops completely not until 18/24 months of age, after the revaccinations.                                            
Choosing a pet animal:
The appearance of a new animal in your family will bring with it moments full of fun, laughter and pleasure. However, it may bring you a lot of problems and care. If you have chosen the right breed and applied the respective for it training, you will enjoy many years of happiness and friendship. When one of the two components is missing, you may have serious problems.
As professionals, we are asked often what is the suitable breed for the respective family. Everything we may say is, that it is a question of personal choice. The knowledge and information is the best way to the right decision.
-Read books. Check on the Internet.
-Visit dog and cat exhibitions to see the different breeds.
-Learn about the needs of the breed concerning the walks, grooming of the hair and training.
-Think over taking a grown up dog.
-Think over taking a street dog (there are advantages)
You have to remember that there is no “perfect” breed for your family. You alone have to judge the advantages and disadvantages in relation to the needs and characteristics of your household. As a rule every dog may become a problem if it is not properly trained and adapted to the society. First day and week in your house with it, may influence considerably its further behavior. Be prepared before bringing a new puppy or an adult dog at home.
It is very difficult to distinguish whether a puppy is thoroughbred without seeing both parents.
The purchase of a dog from kennel of the corresponding breed and with pedigree is a guarantee that you’ll have what you want.
If you want more information, please contact us to give you a guide to appropriate literature!